10+ Suitable Careers for Psychology Graduates 

Opportunities for graduates with degrees in psychology are expanding in number as well as in scope. The move towards preventing mental illness rather than diagnosing and treating it requires people to learn how to make healthy behaviour as part of living. In fact, many of the problems we are facing today are problems of behaviour, such as chronic health conditions or diseases, drug addiction, poor personal relationships, and violence. As a psychologist, you will contribute solutions to these problems through careful collection of data, analysis of data, and the development of intervention strategies. 

Subfields in psychology 

Many psychology graduates can teach psychology in academic institutions, from high schools to graduate programs in universities. Other subfields that graduates can pursue include the following: 

  • A clinical psychologist who assesses and treats mental, emotional, and behavioural disorders.
  • A cognitive and perceptual psychologist who studies human perception, thinking and memory. 
  • A community psychologist who works to strengthen the abilities of communities, settings, an organisation, and broader social systems to meet people’s needs. 
  • A counselling psychologist who helps people recognise their strengths and resources to cope with everyday problems and serious adversity. 
  • A developmental psychologist who studies the psychological development of human beings that takes place throughout life.  
  • An educational psychologist who concentrates on how effective teaching and learning take place. 
  • An engineering psychologist who conducts research on how people work best with machines. For example, how can a computer be designed to prevent fatigue and eye strain in people? 
  • An environmental psychologist who studies the dynamics of person-environment interactions. This job requires you to examine behaviour evolving at various scales and from various processes. 
  • An evolutionary psychologist who studies how evolutionary principles such as mutation, adaptation, and selective fitness influence human thought, feeling, and behaviour. 
  • An experimental psychologist who studies a wide range of psychological phenomena, including cognitive processes, comparative psychology, and learning and conditioning. 

Other subfields that are also interesting to pursue in a psychology degree are forensic psychology, health psychology, industrial/organisational psychology, neuropsychologist, quantitative and measurement psychology, rehabilitation psychology, school and social psychology, and sport psychology. 

See also: 10+ List of Jobs for Graduates with English Degree 

Job outlook for psychology graduates 

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, opportunities in psychology will continue to grow over the next decade. The field of study is also an extraordinarily diverse field with hundreds of career paths. Some specialities, like caring for people with mental and emotional disorders, are familiar to most of us. Others, like helping with the design of advanced computer systems or studying how we remember things, are less known. 

However, psychologists often work in more than one setting. For instance, college professors often consult for industry or see clients on a part-time basis. American Psychological Association cited that psychologists often found work in one or more of these areas: 

  • university/4-year college 
  • Medical school or other academic
  • School or other educational
  • Independent practice
  • Hospital or other health services 
  • Government or VA medical centre 
  • Business and nonprofit organisations

Other potential careers with a bachelor degree in psychology include the following. 

Note that the below list is just some of the list for your consideration. A psychology degree can cover a wider range in terms of the job field. 

Job analyst Disability policy worker Fundraiser

Human resource advisor 

Employment counsellor 

host/hostess

Healthcare facility Administrator  

Personnel recruiter 

Technical writer Systems analyst Writer 

Volunteer coordinator 

Training teacher 

Victim’s advocate 

Recreational therapist 

Psychiatric technician 

Public relations representative 

Coach Community organisation worker Computer programmer

Animal trainer

Benefits manager

Admissions evaluator 

Army mental health specialist

Labour relations 


Other careers that require a degree beyond a bachelor degree in psychology are as follows: 

Academic counsellor Applied statistician Art therapist 

Optometrist 

Occupational therapist 

Psychiatrist 

Neurologist 

Sport psychologist Speech pathologist Rehabilitation psychologist 

Psychiatric social worker 

Program evaluator 

Vocational rehab couns 

Neuropathologist 

Music therapist Multicultural counsellor Experimental psychologist 

Exercise therapist 

Educational psychologist 

Neurosurgeon

Veterinarian 


Read also:
How to Land Coding Job When You Have NO Experience

Why & Some Tips for Volunteering Abroad

Research found that volunteering can extend people’s lives because humans are hard-wired for the social connections they make when volunteering. Eye contact and smile during a volunteer job releases oxytocin, a hormone that helps handle stress better. Being a volunteer,  we can rediscover the joy of work while bringing out the positive energy within. 

Doing volunteer work right after graduation and/or during your job search can differentiate you from the large pool of candidates. Angela Copeland, the founder and head marketing at Copeland Marketing Services, said that volunteer experience can be beneficial in your resume or cover letter. They could play as additional information about your personal interest outside of work and allow potential employers to get a better sense of who you are as a person. 

Copeland advised that if you are in the early stage of your career, you can list leadership experience or other experiences that help you reach professionalism. Thus, it is always a good idea to join that volunteer program while you are still in university, after graduation, or during your job search. 

See also: Who Should be Your Professional Reference? 

Why volunteering abroad?

While there are so many volunteering opportunities around you, joining one abroad will give a huge plus to you, both personally and professionally. Not only can you connect with more diverse individuals, volunteering abroad can also broaden your view about the world.  

Volunteering abroad can also help you gain interesting experiences you could tell to a recruiter or the world. You can also become a big part of a community that actually helps better individuals’ life, make real differences, go see the world and gain new perspectives that might change your life. 

How to start? 

If you are ready to share your passion to the world by helping those in need, here are ways to start. 

  • Make sure you choose a volunteer abroad program of your interest 

There are a lot of volunteer programs, from environmental to human-focused programs. Make sure you involve yourself in the program that meets your passion and interest. By choosing the volunteer program you are passionate about, you are more likely to improve yourself personally and professionally. 

  • Register to volunteer abroad program 

Across the internet, there are many opportunities for individuals to volunteer abroad. Make sure you pick trustable organisations to help you access and gain visas for your arrival. You should also conduct research on the organisation or charity you are planning to join. Here are three trustable volunteer organisations you can try: UN Volunteer program, Volunteer World program, and UNICEF volunteer program

  • Familiarise yourself with the destination country 

Next step is to equip yourself with the needs and requirements to enter the destination country for a volunteer program you registered. Make sure to gain this information: entry requirements, local laws, and customs. Foreign Travel Advice can help you with the information you need. You can also connect with local people of your destination country and/or consult with the volunteer organisation you registered. 

Last but not least, go get the experience and have fun!

Read also: 3 Valuable Things TO DO When You are Unemployed That Can Make Your Life Better

Are You a Boring Job Applicant? 

Wake up, have breakfast, open a laptop, find a job in an online job platform, click apply, eat lunch, go out, go home, maybe open social media for a while, sleep, REPEAT. You don’t even bother to rewrite your job resume for a different job application and, probably, you use a simple bullet writing technique in your resume. If this sounds pretty much like you, please stop. Why? Because employers are not willing to hire such sluggish, effortless job seekers. 

Amanda Lannert, CEO of Jellyvision, said in an interview that the least a job seeker can do is to stop being “boring”. She explained that recruiters are often bored because people play safe. They (job seekers) commodify themselves into just a bullet-point list of skills and experience. This might look neat but it is one of the most boring things to read. 

See also: Most Important Networking Tips for Jobseekers

Here are other reasons why you can be a boring job applicant. You better avoid it! 

You do nothing besides job search 

It is understandable that you want to get a job as soon as possible, but sitting in front of your computer or smartphone all day searching for a job is a big no-no. Why? During an interview, you are going to be asked about your experience. While you can demonstrate that you are active leaders during your university, what will you answer when a recruiter asks, “What do you do in the meantime of your job search”? 

Therefore, go out. Talk to real people. Expand your circle and connection. Having meaningful activities during a job search can help you have an interesting discussion during your interview session which might catch recruiter’s attention and intention of hiring you. 

You focus too much on writing a boring resume

Crafting an interesting resume is important, especially if you know that the company you are applying to uses Applicant Tracking System (ATS). Resume with the right format and keywords will do the job. However, your resume can only contain your work experience, education, skills, or achievements – which tells so little about you, as a person. 

In this case, Lannert advised you to focus on the cover letter and not resume. There is nothing more refreshing than seeing someone who takes a chance to be incredibly human in cover letter or an outreach, to put themselves forward, she added. This will definitely catch recruiter’s attention as companies today need more empathetic and down-to-earth people. 

Tips: Use your own language. Use words that are not stiff or business jargon-y, especially words you usually find in the google site template. 

You do not go the extra mile 

Your cover letter and resume are top-notch so you are offered a job interview. You prepare for the interview and write some questions you want to ask a recruiter. However, during the interview, you are too focused on “selling” and “telling”. 

Telling and selling your skills are good, but showing them is extraordinary. Seeing your effort in preparing a presentation of how valuable your skills are or how great your ideas will improve the company’s business will be more appreciated. Besides, people are more convinced when you show them, instead of just telling them. 

Read also: 15 Minutes Before Interview : Absolutely Important For Job seekers!

4 Important Steps TO DO When Building Business Right After Graduation

There are many young generations who own small businesses today. In fact, CGK reported that 30 percent of millennials have already started their own small business and 49 percent others have plans to start a business within 3 years. 

Businesses owned by young generation, however, are likely to not stay longer than businesses built by middle-aged individuals. The most common reasons why younger generations often fail is due to a lack of confidence. According to Financial Times report, millennials do suffer from a lack of confidence, thus, making it no easy for building a business. This also explains why overcoming fear of failure tops the list of young-generation-founder-to-be. 

Other reasons for the failures are, said Jason Albanese, young generations often have no financial resources or don’t know how to get the funding. 42 percent of them cited that lack of money as the primary obstacle to starting their own startup. Lack of experience is also top of the list that contributes to business failure in young generations. 

See also: 3 Valuable Things TO DO When You are Unemployed That Can Make Your Life Better

If you are among those young individuals who are keen to start a business right after graduation but facing above hurdles, make sure to read these useful tips.   

Step #1 Know what business you are building 

There are various types of entrepreneurship and business. The most common types of business are as follows: 

  • service – it focuses on providing services to customers than giving tangible products.  
  • merchandising – it is a buy and sell business. For example, you buy products at wholesale price then sell them as is at retail price. 
  • manufacturing - a business that focuses on turning raw materials to final products, then you sell them. 
  • hybrid - business like restaurants and hospitality fall into this category. 

Meanwhile, there are 9 common types of entrepreneurship, including: 

  • big business entrepreneur aims to make profitable and new revenue every day. 
  • social entrepreneur with the ultimate goal to improve the environment and to make the world a better place to stay. 
  • buyable business entrepreneur aims to create products or something new with the aim to sell the business to a bigger tech company. 
  • scalable startup entrepreneur is also called tech startups as your goal is to establish a company that obtains financing from inventors.  
  • SME entrepreneur is the idea of gaining revenue by gathering potential people to join the startup. 
  • joint entrepreneur is when you own a profit from private and government businesses.
  • private entrepreneur is an individual who sets up a business enterprise alone. 
  • state entrepreneur means building a business in government of the public sector for public welfare. 
  • lifestyle entrepreneur is hobbyists who work on their real passion and generate money from in. 

Each type focus on different things. You might able to pursue all of them but the rate of failure is higher as you might not be able to focus on scaling one business. Therefore, it is advisable to focus on one type first, then, make is scalable and profitable. When you have succeeded in one business, you can consider running other businesses. But always remember that the more you own a business, the riskier it is for you. 

Step #2 Launching your business 

After you know your true business niche, it is time for you to go get some funding. Before that, you should launch your business to prove and showcase to investors that your business is promising. In launching your business you should have due diligence and strong motivation. Often times, entrepreneurs are associated with lonely feeling because they should leave everything behind to pursue their career. While this can be true, you can have some tricks to make the loneliness fun, such as making a documentary video, gathering with like-minded people, and getting in touch with nature. 

Launching your business also need plan and ideas to make the business works, thus, create your plan based on the business niche you are building. Recruit a friend or family to help you if you need to. You might also need to use your current finance to back-up your business before getting in touch with investors. Join a competition to know the market value about your business. Once you are able to showcase how valuable your business is, you can start presenting it to investors to get a fund to scale your business. 

Step #3 Focus on clients 

Project Manager advised that customer development is more than essential to your business plan – without loyal customers, your business might no longer run. So, of course, after you get the step 1 and 2 done, make sure to focus on your clients, especially in your early business. The manual to successful customer developments are, as follows: 

  • There are no facts inside the building, so go outside – speak to real people and prospective customers. 
  • Pair customer development with agile development 
  • Failure is an integral part of the search 
  • Make continuous iterations and pivots 
  • No business plan survives first contact with customers, so use a business model canvas to ease your job
  • Design experiments and test to validate your hypothesis 
  • Agree on market type, it changes everything. 
  • Startup metrics differ from those in existing companies 
  • Ensure fast decision-making, cycle time, speed and tempo. Customer’s today demand more speed and transparency. 
  • Preserve all cash until needed, then spend
  • Communicate and share learning 
  • Customer development success begins with buy-in
  • Have passion, it is all about passion. 

Step #4 Don’t forget your network 

Last but not least, you should always remember what you learn and implement what you are learning. No knowledge can go into waste. You can also target all those friends you have back in college to be your first customer. All the connection you have is valuable in your approach to success. 

Read also: Blogging Checklist: Things You Need to Know for Creating a Successful Business Blog

6 Phrases to AVOID When Applying for Job and Interview 

Obviously, every job seeker’s ultimate goal is to land a job as soon as possible. Before getting employed, however, you will have to go through some stages, from resume screening to interview meetings to finally job contract signing. All the process could be daunting and tricky from time to time, especially when you come unprepared.

Therefore, be mindful when writing your resume and do your homework before coming to the job interview. What else to pay attention to? In this article, we share 6 phrases you need to avoid during a job search and interview. These phrases could downgrade your credibility as a potential candidate. Check it out!

1. Dear Sir/Madam

What’s wrong with this phrase? While this conventional opening phrase has always been widely used that it seems normal, the phrase might not be suitable to use especially when applying for a startup company. A startup company is a place where most of its workers are millennials and like a personal touch. Therefore, saying dear sir or madame just does not sound right. 

What to say instead? In addressing a person, it is better to say “Dear (founder’s name/recruiter’s name/startup name team)”. Or, to make it sound more personal, you can say Hello (startup name) team. 

2. This is a great opportunity for me or I have a great interest in this role

You would not consider applying for a job in the company if the role is not your interest or the opportunity does not align with your own needs. Thus, when the recruiter asks you why they should hire you, try to find another way to express your reasons. 

What to say instead? There is a better way to answer instead of just repeating the “great opportunity” which is “Here is why I am prepared for this role…” or “I am always prepared to be in this role with (demonstrate your achievement or skills)”. 

See also: Passion versus Skill: What Comes First in a Job Search?

3. Well, my last employer was kind of okay  

Saying “Well..” with a low tone or high tone might indicate something bad or laziness. Sure, you do not want the recruiter to perceive you as a negative chatter. Saying “kind of okay” does not demonstrate well why you quit your job. A recruiter wants to hear from you why you choose another employment albeit the recruiter can do a background check and call your past employer. This is done to measure your honesty. 

What to say instead? Avoid the “well” words and explain how your employer treats you in the past. As best as possible, do not mention the negative reason about your former employer and in the last statement you can add, “I believe I am better suited to work in an organisation that has a strong commitment to mentoring executives as well as fostering career development and growth.” 

4. Perfectionism 

Whether being a perfectionist is your greatest asset or weakness, it is better to avoid the word all at once. Why? Because the word tells a little about you and it is overly rehearsed cliche, wrote The Muse

What to say instead? There are some alternative, however, if you are a real perfectionist. For example, you could say, “I am too attached sometimes with little details which can distract me from the ultimate goal” or “I feel myself always caught up in trivia that hinder me to achieve more.” 

5. I want better work-life balance 

Work-life balance has always become employees’ dream. However, this will be a not-so-good impression if you are only applying to get a better work-life balance. Barry Dexler, an expert interview coach, told CNBC that companies really do not care about your work-life balance. Albeit it sounds cynical, all employer truly wants to hear that you are ready to work and that you will work around the clock if needed. 

What to say instead? Instead of emphasising your thirst for work-life balance, you can tell the recruiter, “I am ready for the challenges ahead.” In addition, show previous experience or challenges that you have overcome to support your statement. 

6. I have no question, thank you 

The “thank you” part is acceptable but the “I have no question” part is a big no-no. Not having any questions for the interviewer basically says that you are not interested enough to learn. This indicates that you are not prepared enough for the interview. 

What to say instead? Do not tell that you have plenty of questions too. Just utter “Yes, I have a question/questions” and ask. What to ask? Click here to find out smart and insightful questions to ask at the end of your interview. 

Read also: Should You Bring Notes to An Interview? Dos and Don’ts

3 Valuable Things TO DO When You are Unemployed That Can Make Your Life Better

Have you ever heard of this old adage, “Empty wallet, a broken heart, and hungry stomach are three best lessons in life”?

Being unemployed and having limited financial resources to live on a.k.a broke are two bad things in life. You can’t either pay for rent or fulfil your daily needs. You might even need to sell the most valuable things you have such as a phone or laptop to keep on living. In other words, you are just trying to survive from one day to another.

However, stop selling your stuff and go hungry (for a few days). It is not to say that you cannot eat at all, there must be leftover bread or cola that you can much at home. There are good chances that you read this article on your smartphone or laptop, which means that you have internet access, right? And when you click the title, it means you are trying to change yourself to be better. Probably, you want to get a job that can turn your life upside-down. Yet, everyone agrees that landing a job can be tough, especially for someone who lacks experience.

Here are 3 things to do when you are broke and unemployed that hopefully can change your life 180 degrees. Enjoy the process!

Thing #1 Get employed

This might sound ridiculous but seriously, get a job. An old granny would say having a low dead-end job is better than no job at all. Besides, a low-paying job can help you survive at least to help you have a full stomach. Find out here for some jobs that require no degree but pay enough.

Having those jobs will likely boost your chance of getting better employment as you can prove to recruiters that you are a person who doesn’t easily give up. That is a big investment for your future career.

See also: Fatal Mistakes New Hires Do in Their First Jobs

Thing #2 Write and write

You might consider yourself as a “bad” writer. You can also argue that this is not your niche and this is not a job you can do. But you should rethink that because writing can be your golden ticket to change your life.

For example, do you know Nicolas Cole? He began writing when he was 17 years old. He started his journey from free platform Quora by answering questions. It took him around 1 year and more to reach millions of upvote, views, and follower. Now, he is the founder of Digital Press. 

Thus, if you are still unemployed and willing to change your life, start your own writing journey. Write for free blogs such as medium, Quora, Facebook, or LinkedIn. Develop your own interest topic and share them with the world. After you develop your own writing niche, you can start professional writing for professional blogs such as Forbes or Fortune. All these can build up your individual reputation. 

BUT remember, all these writing journeys should be accompanied by reading habit. You should be knowledgeable first before anything else.

Thing #3 Volunteer

The next option, you can do volunteer’s work in an institution. It won’t produce money but it does improve your skills, happiness, and life insight. For example, if you do the kind act to veteran shelter, you will have valuable insight about life. Old people do like sharing stories and they are wiser. If you volunteer for a natural environment organisation, you can have a healthier life and knowledge about how to improve the environment.

By volunteering as well, you can also get nice ideas to probably start your own business. You can also leverage your network which is important to your future career.

“When you least expect it, something great will come along. Something better than you ever planned for. Be patient. Be smart. Stay focused.” 

Read also: If You Like Travelling, These Jobs ARE For You

A Beginner’s Guide to Investing for College Students

College students typically love spending their allowance on watching movies, hanging out in cafes, travelling, and other entertaining activities. But if you are a student who does not belong to such spender type and love saving money, congratulations! You have come to the right reading.

Why start investing

If you ever wonder, “Why should I start investing my money at a young age? I still want to live my youth life.” The answer is pretty simple: investing can help you live your life at the fullest while saving for the future.

Let’s say you receive a US$1500 yearly allowance from your parents or you earn more than US$1000 from working part-time during the summer.

Now you choose, if you spend all the money on drinks or foods, you can have fine dining all year long. But if you can spare some money and invest them, by the time you graduate – assuming you do nothing with the initial investment, your money could double to around US$15,000 or so.

See also: 11 Important Life Lessons for New Graduates

Investing, however, never comes at no cost. There are risks and bitter chances that you might lose your money, especially when you have a little knowledge of where and how to invest as a starter. Therefore, read the following article to not get lost in your investment strategy.

How to invest money

Remember, investing money is a big decision. To get started, you must find a broker who is willing to deal with investing small amounts of money. Online media is a good and fastest place to find a broker. After you find a broker, pay attention to the commissions associated with your preferred investments. NerdWallet suggested to pay close attention to these options.

  • Individual stocks which require you to pay a per-trade commission of $4 to $7. But some brokerages also offer per-share pricing.
  • Options trades which incur the stock trade commission plus a per-contract fee. Yet, there are brokers who charge only a commission or only a contract fee.
  • Mutual funds carry internal fees called expense ratios. You can either take it or leave it by selecting a broker that offers no-transaction-fee mutual funds.
  • ETFs are like a stock and are purchased for a share price.
  • Bonds which might charge you a fee to purchase individual bonds with a minimum and maximum charge. But you can purchase bond mutual funds and ETFs at no charge by using no-transaction-fee mutual funds and commission-free ETFs.

In addition, you should be “sceptical” regarding each information you receive. Why? Because according to Andre Hallam, the author of Millionaire Teacher, only by being sceptical of nearly everything people tell you when they are giving financial advice, you will be educated enough to make a good investment decision. You should not listen to a salesperson or financial advisor who refutes or supports certain advice as well. Find an academic study, something truly impartial, Hallam wrote.

Where to invest

After understanding what investment is, it is time to find a good place to invest your money. For starters, Hallam advised that you can invest in assets that appreciate over time because currencies (except cryptocurrency) don’t rise in value. When you trade currency, there is another person on the other end of that trade that will love to see you fall.

On the contrary, investing in assets will give less risk. For instance, you and your friend traded a stock market tracking fund for as long as stay in college. Both of you will benefit from the rising value of the stock market plus dividends. Moreover, the overall stock and bond markets increase in value over time just like real estate prices.

Hence, if you want to buy an asset and begin today, here are a few recommendations where to open an account.

  1. M1 Finance

The platform allows you to invest in stocks and ETFs for free. You can also build a portfolio and invest in your portfolio for free.

  1. Robinhood

Robinhood gives the option to invest in stocks or trade option. It might be hard to use than M1 but their platform is also free. You should be informed that Robinhood does not allow fractional share investing which means without a pile of money, it will be hard for you to register to the app. However, this is one of the awesome apps out there.

  1. Fidelity

Fidelity offers some free investing options, including no minimum IRAs and commission-free ETFs. They charge commissions and have minimums for other products and services.

  1. Ally

Ally is a stockbroker that offer commission-free commission trading. They have high-quality ETFs from market leaders that might complement your portfolio and help diversify your investing strategy.

A piece of advice

Now that you know where to invest and the type of investment, it should be noted that this short information is just as a guide, the rest is that you should be more knowledgeable by surrounding yourself with those who know about investment, the real person in the area.

Here are things to consider when contacting a broker. First, because you are a college student, you might not have a million to start, therefore, find a broker who accepts a small amount of cash, for example, $50 dollar. Then, you can increase your overall capital by investing more money on a regular basis. Second, remember that your personality and available funds are two determining factors for any risk happened in future. 

Read also: Saving Money Hack: 3 Tactics You Need to Adopt Now

business taxation and politics

Politics refers to the way a country is governed and how its government makes rules and laws for the citizens. Meanwhile, taxation refers to the practice of government collecting money from citizens based on their earnings and property to pay for public services. Without taxation, a country might not have public libraries, parks, or public transport.

Politics, tax, and government can be said as the backbone of any country. The problem is, from news and updates we often learn that these three things can be the most controversial topics that put headache to people, making them ignorant with their country’s political situation or taxation issues.

See also: 7 Top Languages You Should Learn to Face Future Workforce

What about you? How important is getting updated about politics and taxation to you?

Jonathan Dolen, an online political science professor at Grantham University, said that “the subjects” might be totally not glamorous for some and people might also be apathetic toward it. Yet, there are three major reasons why you should totally care about politics. Here’s why:

Reason #1 Politics impact nearly every aspect of your life

Politics impacts nearly every aspect of life because the laws government made have a huge influence in the way we do daily activities, ranging from what the price of food material at stores, the salary we earn, to what we can purchase. By having knowledge on this topic, you can help determine the best course of action for yourself or your surroundings.

Further, by understanding politics, you will have better knowledge about taxation rules and regulations, thus, helping you prepare for the worst. For example, when the government increases the tax on a certain car, you can calculate if buying the car is worth it and suitable for your lifestyle.

Especially as an employee, said Tim Worstall, you should understand taxation better as it allows you to not be misdirected. As an example, employees constantly believe that they are responsible for paying certain tax while in reality, it is the company that is responsible to pay the tax. Therefore, to really understand how the business system works, you need to understand how taxation works.

Reason #2 Politics help you become a better voter

Having knowledge of politics helps make you an informed voter because it is important to go to the polls armed with the facts so you will not choose wrong. In addition, being an informed individual, according to Dolen, should not necessarily read and follow every news. Instead, you should do some independent research which will give you peace of mind that you have done your homework prior to casting your ballot.

Reason #3 Politics are entertaining

Some people believe that politics can be entertaining. Well, it might not be as entertaining as going out with your friends, but politics can be fun to some extent. You can stay ahead in your social status and include yourself in an insightful debate about political issues and scandal. 

Read also: Best Countries for Expats to Work and Raise More Pocket Money

Smart “Rate-Setting” Tips for Freelancers

Note: Rate-setting is how you rate yourself in a freelance platform to make yourself stand out among other freelancers.

Why doing a freelance job?

There is no doubt that being a freelance can give you the privilege of working at your most convenient time in your most favourite place. More than that, freelance job allows you to set your own standard income and get paid immediately after completing the tasks. The key to this matter, however, is that you should set your salary expectation based on your skills and familiarity with the tasks you enrol.

See also: How to Balance Your College and Work-life When You are a Freelancer

Getting clients as a freelancer

One of the biggest obstacles of being a newbie in the gig era is to get your first client. Getting a client as a new freelancer is not easy and a frustrating situation. First, you don’t have enough testimonials to showcase your skill credibility. Second, many companies are not willing to take a chance on someone who is still green, who is very fresh to join the freelancing world. They would rather find someone who is proven to be successful before.

Smart-rating to get your first client

Thankfully, you can shoo away the headache of getting the first client as a green freelancer by boosting your rating. Laura Pennington Briggs in her book quoted that rate-setting is important for freelancers to stand above the crowd and let hirers know their position.

To set rating that can differentiate you from others but still under your control is by thinking about your overall experience and knowledge of the business market, especially the area in which you are expert in. Generally, said Laura, factors that will influence your rates are as follows:

  • Your experience in the field or the writing world
  • The technical expertise or amount of research required for the project
  • The estimated time to complete the project
  • Whether other aspects of your time, like conducting interviews, will be part of the project
  • The length of the project

Most experienced writers’ charges will depend entirely on their preference, the industry, and the client’s willingness to accept that rate. Most freelancers start their career online with hourly rates and few charges per page.

Hourly rate, nevertheless, is tricky in the freelancing world because freelancer might work longer on the project. Thus, clients are often hesitant about hiring someone who appears too slow even if the time involved is perfectly reasonable. Yet, finishing the project too fast will also get penalised. This means that an hourly rate is a good starting point for creating an estimate, but it is not something most professionals rely on over the long run.

When you have your baseline price, you have a number to begin working with. Each project will be different, and you might also wish to reward clients who are hiring you for multiple projects or who are putting you on retainer.

Another important point is, according to Laura in her book, to consider your goal with your freelance business. If it is simply for a side hustle and additional income, the hourly rate might not be as important to you as someone who is attempting to replace their full-time job.

You should also remember that not every hour you will be working is a billable one. You might spend a lot of time marketing to clients as well as time doing administrative tasks such as submitting invoices. Likewise, you probably won’t work every week of the year since you will need to take some sick time and vacation days. Therefore, adjust your rate accordingly.

Read also: A to D Tips to be a Productive Freelancer

English Proficiency Test: Why, What, and How to Prepare

Why should I have English certificate of proficiency?

A certificate of English proficiency is required when you want to pursue a higher degree overseas. If you browse on the internet what the most common language used in academic teaching internationally is – English is the answer. No wonder, no matter where you want to study, universities usually ask you to take an English proficiency test, such as TOEFL, IELTS, CAE, or CPE.

Having English certification will not only benefit you in terms of pursuing higher studies. When applying for a job, the certificate can prove to potential employers that you possess strong English skills – such that it will amplify your chance of getting hired because English is the most spoken language in businesses beside Mandarin or French. 

See also: Basic Requirements Needed to Work in Foreign Company

What should I learn TOEFL, IELTS, CPE or others?

There are numerous English tests to examine your language proficiency. But before taking one, you should understand that those tests are intended to give an official justification of you fitting into the system for either academic or working purposes.

For example, as cited in Project Access, if your purpose is to pursue an academic career or studies, CPE will suit better. IELTS will be so much necessary for visa purposes in Europe, Great Britain, and Australia, while TOEFL is for America. In terms of the expiry date, both IELTS and TOEFL certificates need to be renewed after 2 years, while CPE is valid for life.

On the other hand, if your purpose is for business or working matter, taking the TOEIC test is preferable. TOEIC is an English language test designed specifically to measure the language skills of people working in an international environment. The certificate is only valid for 2 years. 

If you are still unsure which tests to take, you could always ask your employer or university advisor. You could also get more information from the English test counsellor.  

What should I prepare for an English test?

This might not be your first time taking English language test. In fact, some colleges or universities hold IELTS or TOEFL test as a requirement for graduation. Yet, if you still feel a bit anxious about the test, here are preparations you can apply.

1. Get used to testing structure

Different tests have different formats. As an example, IELTS and TOEIC are paper-based tests while TOEFL and PTE Academic are taken on a computer. Albeit they examine the same competencies, including writing, speaking, listening, and reading, getting used to and comfortable with each form of a test you want to take is needed. It will give you ease when doing the real test.

2. Practice with additional test prep materials

English proficiency test uses information from various fields and by researching different source. Hence, you might feel more at ease if you prepare yourself by doing self-study. Read newspapers or books in English. Choose trusted courses which use a high level of English (either from books or online). Watch news or journalistic videos that cover different topics.

3. Know your ability and improve

In order to achieve your goal, you should know your ability and improve your weaknesses. In this case, get to know your English level. Identify which area you lack the most – is it reading, listening, speaking, grammar, or writing? Then, do learn all the skills but focus more on which you lack.

You might want to check your level on a trusted online platform such as British Council, Exam English, or EF SET and see how you improve during your learning time.

4. Practice your time management skills

As you strengthen your ability in each level, try to hone your time management skills as well. Commonly test takers have a limited time to complete all required sections of an exam. If you have mess-up time management, sure will you find it overwhelming, exhausting, and frustrating – nothing new there. Fortunately, by starting early preparation and by timing yourself on practice tests, you can feel more comfortable with the time constraint.

Read also: 7 Top Languages You Should Learn to Face Future Workforce